Baylor University Institute for Oral History

Ibrahim Mohamed Ishag

Baylor University Institute for Oral History
Transcript
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0:22 - Early Memories of Darfur

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Subjects: farming in Darfur, Nyala


Hyperlink: Darfur
2:40 - Moving to Khartoum

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Subjects: Khartoum, taxes, hunger, changes in weather, father's work


Hyperlink: Khartoum
4:02 - Early schooling in Khartoum

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Subjects: colonization by the British, attending primary school, learning Arabic and English


Hyperlink: British imperialism in Sudan
6:13 - Darfur tribe

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Subjects: Kera governor of Darfur, Shartai is the equivalent of a sheriff

7:20 - Life in Khartoum

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Subjects: neighborhood in Khartoum, moving on into high school, father drawing the British in art, father working in the market, Libya, challenges living in the city


Hyperlink: Libya
12:26 - First arrest by the government

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Subjects: turmoil in the government in Sudan, imprisonment by the government in 1979

14:46 - Learning about the roots of instability in Sudan

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Keywords: "So at that time I began to feel something is wrong in the life of Sudan."

Subjects: hunger, poverty, learning about the war between Arab and Fur, Biblical inspiration


Hyperlink: history surrounding Sudan's independence
18:51 - Active public work

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Subjects: Writing instead of protesting the government, Alnada Culture Association, teaching, creating a history fair for Sudan, GOAL, and Red Crescent, connecting with extended family, travelling to Zalingei


Hyperlink: Zalingei
25:22 - Arrest in Darfur

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Keywords: "They said you must stop this culture reservation."

27:58 - Becoming a leader

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Subjects: leading a group and teaching them about the history of Darfur

29:59 - Conditions in Darfur

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Subjects: activity among people in the community, education, modernization

31:19 - Trip to Saudi Arabia

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Subjects: Leaving Sudan in 1995 because of the imminent danger

33:00 - Investigating the history of Darfur

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Subjects: working with political officials and royalty to discover documents about Darfur, publishing a documentary


Hyperlink: King Fahd of Saudi Arabia
40:03 - Returning to Sudan in 1997

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Subjects: conflict rising in 1998, beginning of genocide


Hyperlink: origins of genocide in Sudan
43:51 - Writing about Sudan and community projects

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Subjects: writing about attacks from the Janjaweed militia, developing neighborhood project in Nyala


Hyperlink: Janjaweed militia
48:01 - Attacks by the Janjaweed

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Subjects: Janjaweed destroying people, animals, and environment, videoing attacks

53:05 - Interviews in Shoba village

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Subjects: documenting how people were attacked, struggle between Arab and African, sending information to America and Europe, connecting with the Fur tribe of Darfur, UNHCR


Hyperlink: UNHCR
58:18 - Government Turmoil

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Subjects: government targeting intellectuals and political leaders, being poisoned, helping political minister escape, international community getting involved in the crisis


Hyperlink: Mr. Ibrahim Diraige
64:41 - Work with political officials

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Subjects: Minister Adraman, massacre in Soba, Nyala, President Bush, Colin Powell, representative from University of Texas coming in 2006


Hyperlink: Colin Powell
70:46 - Further Janjaweed attacks

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Subjects: Attacks on Al-Fashir and Southern villages, government orders to destroy camps cause people to flee to cities


Hyperlink: Port Sudan
73:45 - Coming to Al-Fashir

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Subjects: Kutum, Yabassi, Shoba, Janjaweed killing all men and raping all women, starvation


Hyperlink: Yabassi
75:38 - Coming to Khartoum 76:30 - Darfurians meeting in Libya

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Subjects: President Gaddafi, international community, not supporting Arabs in Darfur

80:33 - Capture by the government when returning to Darfur

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Subjects: wife trying to sacrifice herself for her husband